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Birds In Paradise


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Most are distinguished by striking colors and bright plumage of yellow, blue, scarlet, and green. These colors distinguish them as some of the world's most dramatic and attractive birds. Males often sport vibrant feathered ruffs or amazingly elongated feathers, which are known as wires or streamers. Some species have enormous head plumes or other distinctive ornaments, such as breast shields or head fans.


Males put their bright colors and unusual ornaments to good use when they display for females. Their elaborate dances, poses, and other rituals accentuate their appearance and put on a phenomenal show for both female birds and any humans


Birds of paradise were the favorite flower of both my mother and grandmother. In this painting, the two birds are sharing some wine. The shorter flower has both of her arms around the glasses, while the taller one stands with one hand on hip, and the other hand resting against the wine glass. Dew drops form the eyes of each bird and the two enjoy a brief moment, filled with rich color, in what must be true paradise. M.G.


Breeding: Most males perform bizarre and complex courtship displays to attract potential female mates. Some species perform solo while others perform in large groups known as leks. After mating, most female birds of paradise will leave and raise their young alone.


Threats: Birds of paradise have no natural carnivorous predators. However, excessive hunting by human populations and the growing logging industry encroaching on their natural habitats has put some species at risk.


This part of Texas, also known as the Wild Horse Desert, is diverse in vegetation, wildlife and birds. It is a primary migration route for birds heading north in the spring and south in the fall. Located on the Great Texas Coastal Birding Trail's, Central Texas Coast, Kingsville Loop, birds, especially shore birds, are numerous and depending on the time of year, hundreds of varieties of birds can be found on the Inn property or within a few miles.


After a day of boating, hiking, fishing, bird watching, site seeing or just spending the day sitting and enjoying the quiet beauty of Baffin Bay, settle down with a drink in hand and watch the sun set on the horizon. As you relax, watch the vast sky turn from bright blue to salmon, grey-blue and gold as birds circle overhead, searching for a nightly resting place. Sub-tropical breezes will bring a feeling of peace before turning in for the night.


The team, including McCoy, Prum and evolutionary biologists Todd Harvey of Yale and Teresa Feo from the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC, measured the plumage darkness of five bird of paradise specimens using spectral reflectance spectroscopy, which tracks the amount of light reflected across different wavelengths.


The SEM images revealed stark differences between the coloured and super-black bird of paradise feathers. Rather than flat, smooth barbules, the super-black feathers had small, deeply curved spiky barbules, like curled oak leaves. These structures trap the light, making the feathers appear extremely dark and matt. The researchers calculated that the feathers absorb up to 99.95% of all the light that hits them, approaching the darkness of synthetic super-black materials. For example, Vantablack, a material developed using a conglomeration of vertically aligned nanotube arrays, absorbs up to 99.965% of visible light.


The curved, 3D projecting, elaborate barbules in the super-black birds of paradise feathers are completely different from typical barbules and feathers. Their extra-matt quality helps attract a mate. By absorbing most light and having no gloss, the feathers trick the eye into thinking that the colourful feathers are brighter than they are.


The final sequence has Marine performing an interpretive dance at The Jungle. The dance is an adaptation of a story she was told when she was young about birds and the creation of the night sky. Coupled with Marine's mantra -- "Blessed is she who falls. Blessed is she who rises again." -- Kate plummets to the stage floor with a thundering crash and struggles to rise again, but eventually does. The performance is symbolic of the film's message, but is the end real or a dream Birds of Paradise suggests that the final dance is very real. Kate's piece at The Jungle is foreshadowed throughout the entirety of the movie in the form of small vignettes. While it does seem that falling from such a great height would probably kill Kate, the performance is meant to be surreal in order to match Kate's perception of her artistry.


Common plant names are problematic for this reason: the same name can be used for different species of plants, sometimes ones completely unrelated to each other. Here, I will explain the four different species of bird of paradise plants that can be planted in Tucson, one of which is a near-native to the Sonoran desert.


Bird of paradise plants were introduced into California in 1853 by Colonel Warren, editor of the California Farmer magazine, and were available for sale in Montecito, a wealthy enclave of Santa Barbara in the 1870s.


Bird of paradise leaves are evergreen and remain on the plant. This makes them an excellent choice for adding ornamental interest near swimming pools, where shedding leaves can create a maintenance problem.


The famous evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr (1904-2005) once said about the birds-of-paradise: "Every ornithologist and birdwatcher has his favourite group of birds. Frankly, my own are the birds of paradise and bowerbirds. If they do not rank as high in world-wide popularity as they deserve it is only because so little is known about them."


Taking on the task of addressing the limited amount of information available for these exotic birds were researchers from the Swedish Museum of Natural History, American scientists, and first author Stefan Prost from the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt. They selected three species that did not yet have available genomes sequences: the paradise crow (Lycocorax pyrrhopterus) from Obi Island in Indonesia; the paradise riflebird (Ptiloris paradiseus) from New South Wales, Australia; and the huon astrapia (Astrapia rothschildi) from Papua New Guinea. They further provided new genome sequence data to improve currently available genomic information for two other birds-of-paradise species from Papua New Guinea: the King of Saxony bird-of-paradise (Pteridophora alberti) and the red bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea rubra).


Martin Irestedt, senior curator at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, said that "Birds-of-paradise constitute one of the most famous examples on how sexual selection has driven the evolution of male plumage ornamentation and mating behaviors to its extreme. It is thus extremely exciting that we are able to present genomic data that provide the first glimpse to how genomic evolution is linked to the extraordinary phenotypic variation found in this fascinating group of birds."


Using these five bird-of-paradise datasets, Prost and colleagues identified genes that show signs of past influence of selection and evolution, some of which appear to be important for coloration, morphology, and feather and eye development. For example, they identified a gene called ADAMTS20 that is potentially involved in producing the exquisite birds-of-paradise colorful feathers. ADAMTS20 is known to influence the development of melanocytes, specialized cells for the production of pigmentation patterns.


The first footage of the Wilson's bird-of-paradise ever to be filmed was recorded in 1996 by David Attenborough for the BBC documentary Attenborough in Paradise. He did so by dropping leaves on the forest floor, which irritated the bird into clearing them away.


The birds of paradise are some of the most fascinating birds in the world. This is due to the striking coloration of the males of most species, and the wide range of behaviors demonstrated in the group. Researchers of animal behavior are particularly interested in the elaborate mating displays performed by male birds of paradise.


Birds of paradise are members of the family Paradisaeidae, which probably evolved on the island of New Guinea. The family is comprised of 42 species, 38 of which are found mainly or entirely on New Guinea. Two species are found only in the Moluccan Islands to the west of New Guinea, and four others are found mainly or entirely in northeastern Australia. Included within the family are such birds as astrapias, manucodes, paradisaeas, parotias, riflebirds, and sicklebills.


New Guinea is an extremely mountainous island. Its equatorial location results in a tropical climate near sea level, but cooler conditions higher in the mountains. In fact, the highest peaks have glaciers. In addition, the prevailing oceanic winds carry moisture-laden air over the island, resulting in as much as 27 ft (8.5 m) of rain per year in some places. Sites on the lee side of mountains, however, may be quite dry. The great variations of climate in New Guinea result in numerous different habitats. The various species of birds of paradise are rather specific to particular kinds of habitat. For example, the crested bird of paradise (Cnemophilus macgregorii ) is only found in upper montane forest and subalpine shrubland, while the trumpet manucode (Manucodia keraudrenii ) is found only in lowland and lower mountain forests, and the blue bird of paradise (Paradisaea rudolphi ) prefers mid-montane forest.


In addition to inhabiting different ecological zones in New Guinea, the various birds of paradise use different food resources. The two basic kinds of foods eaten are fruits and insects. There are also two groups of fruits: simple fruits rich in carbohydrates, such as figs, and complex fruits with high levels of fat and protein, such as those of mahogany and nutmeg. Species of birds of paradise tend to eat mainly simple fruits (e.g., the trumpet manucode), mainly complex fruits (e.g., the raggiana bird of paradise, Paradisaea raggiana ), or complex fruits plus significant quantities of insects (e.g., the magnificent bird of paradise, Cicinnurus magnificus ). 59ce067264






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